PART 1. Read the following biographical narrative and answer the questions. The underlined words in the article are for the vocabulary questions.


Born of an alcoholic father and an emotionally disturbed mother on April 16, 1889 in London, England, Charlie Chaplin became one of the greatest artists of the twentieth century. A few years after his birth, his entertainer parents, Charles, Sr. and Hannah Harriet Hill, separated. Their mother was unable to support Charlie and his half-brother, Sydney, on her own, so she was forced to put them to work at a tender age.

At age five, Chaplin therefore started acting in a local music hall. In 1912, while touring America, a film producer asked him to appear in a moving picture. Two years later, he got his first big-screen role in the film Making a Living. In the same year, in the movie Kid Auto Races at Venice, Chaplin¡¯s funny world-famous alter-ego, ¡°The Little Tramp,¡± was born. From then on, Chaplin starred in, directed, and produced films that permanently changed the filmmaking industry.

In 1918, during the height of World War I, Americans tagged Chaplin as a communist, notwithstanding his obvious support for America's war efforts. They criticized his political views and questioned his decision to not serve in England's Armed Forces-a decision that was borne out of ill health. Moreover, his film Monsieur Verdoux (1947) angered many American politicians because of its strong anti-war message. The American public also became annoyed at the fact that, despite all of his years in America, Chaplin never expressed a desire to become an American citizen.

So when he returned to America from London in 1952 with his wife, Oona O¡¯Neil and their children, American authorities denied his re-entry and labeled him an undesirable alien. This hurt Chaplin, who then resolved never to return. Not wanting to leave a cent of their property in the country they felt mistreated by, Oona later returned to America to dispose of their million-dollar properties.

After 20 peaceful years in Switzerland, Chaplin finally agreed to return to America to receive an award before a grateful crowd of American admirers. He was also knighted by the Queen of England for his contribution to the film arts in 1975.

Charlie Chaplin died on Christmas Day in 1977, leaving a legacy that lives on today. Few artists of his day, or since, have been able to make the world both laugh and cry, as could "The Little Tramp".


When did Charlie Chaplin start his acting career?

  57. What can be said about Chaplin?
during his first US tour
right after his parents separated
when a film producer offered him a part
  in a movie
when he was 5 years old
He was against war.
He was disloyal to his country.
He had little influence on the filmmaking
He died a poor man.
54. Which film introduced Chaplin¡¯s famous funny character?   58. In the context of the passage, undesirable means _______.
  Kid Auto Races at Venice
Monsieur Verdoux
Making a Living
The Little Tramp
55. Why did Chaplin NOT serve in Britain¡¯s Armed Forces during the war?   59. In the context of the passage, resolved means _______.
He was an American citizen.
His physical health was poor.
He was too busy producing films.
The American government did not allow
56. Why did Chaplin leave Switzerland to go back to America?      
  to sell his property
to make another movie
to accept an award
to support America in the war
PART 2. Read the following article and answer the questions. The underlined words in the article are for vocabulary questions.


A natural engineering miracle, vetiver grass grows as a single plant with a thick tangle of roots that grows up to 13 feet underground. This allows it to hold topsoil in place, which prevents the environmental problem of soil erosion. It also absorbs harmful elements in the soil and confines its growth to a small area, which limits ground pollution and water contamination.

In 1986 the Vetiver Network was formed to promote the grass as a cheap, effective aid to agricultural projects in less developed countries. Although founder and chairman Richard Grimshaw observed that vetiver has not really been given much attention and recognition, it has spread to over 100 countries in the last 15 years. For instance, vetiver was recently used to support the 101-mile railway banks that wind through the dense Madagascar forest.

The banks, or land that lies on both sides of the railroad tracks, was eroding quickly. As a consequence, the railroad, which serves as the only means of transportation for more than a hundred thousand rural farmers, was in danger of collapsing. Together with local leaders, the railroad company succeeded in convincing farmers residing along the track to grow vetiver on its slopes. Today, more than 600 farmers have planted an estimated three million vetiver seedlings along the railroad track, along with rice and fruit trees between the rows of vetiver. Although these efforts have served to stabilize the railroad, the usefulness of the grass is still not common knowledge throughout the rest of the world.

Unlike other grasses, vetiver does not compete for space with native plants. Because its roots grow straight down, it remains where it is planted. When individual vetiver plants are grown closely together in bunches, or hedges, only water can pass between the stalks of the grass. Along with this characteristic, vetiver is inexpensive, adaptable to many soil types, and resistant to pests and diseases. Vetiver is a true "wonder grass".


What is NOT a benefit of using vetiver grass?

  64. What will probably be a long-term result of using vetiver grass?
The soil in which it is planted stays firm
  and compact.
Polluted soil is detoxified.
It provides excellent shade on sunny
Soil pollution is lessened.
Soil erosion worldwide will be more easily overcome.
There will be more railroad tracks in Africa.
Environmental problems will become worse.
Farmers will be planting fewer crops.
61. Why was the Vetiver Network established?   65. In the context of the passage, contamination means _______.
to assist poor countries in planting crops
  and fruit trees
to encourage the use of vetiver grass on a wider scale
to initiate construction of a new railway
  system in Africa
to teach farmers how to harvest vetiver
62. What is a recent development involving vetiver grass?   66. In the context of the passage, compete means _______.
It is now used by farmers in over 100
It has been recognized by Richard
  Grimshaw as the best grass variety for soil erosion.
It was used to support a long railroad
track in Madagascar.
It is now used for agricultural projects all
  over the world.
63. How is vetiver grass different from other grasses?      
  It is inexpensive.
It is easy to grow.
It fights off pests and diseases.
It grows only where it is planted.
PART 3. Read the following encyclopedia article and answer the questions. The underlined words in the article are for vocabulary questions.


The relationship between humans and horses dates back to the time when humans were just beginning to form communities. Initially, humans hunted horses for food, but not long after, they started taming and riding them. The tribes that possessed horses were better able to utilize the resources of the land, trade with distant tribes, and wage war with less mobile neighbors. This enabled the communities to grow larger, gain material wealth, and prosper with larger households. Over the next thousand years, horses became one of the most important foundations of early human civilization.

The ancestors of the modern horse evolved in North America. They populated other parts of the world by crossing the land bridges that connected North America to Europe and Asia during the Ice Age. About 15,000 years ago, horses vanished from North and South America in a wave of extinctions that occurred near the end of the Pleistocene Era. They were not seen in the Americas again until 1494, when Italian explorer Christopher Columbus transported them on ships from Spain on his second voyage to the New World.

Throughout the Middle Ages, between the 5th and 15th centuries AD, and even until modern times, the horse played a key role in expanding trade and exploring new lands. Additionally, horses labored in the areas of agriculture, factory producation, and other manual trades. Aside from these activities, humans also used horses for recreation. Recreational activities such as horseracing, hunting, and polo date back to ancient times. The Iliad, an epic poem by Homer, contains accounts of chariot racing at the time of the Trojan War, which was fought in the early 12th or late 13th century BC.

Today, most horses are used for pleasure and sports. In the United States alone, there are more than seven million horses. Popular horseback activities include trail riding, horseracing, horse shows, polo, and rodeos.

In earlier times, what were horses initially used for?

  71. Which statement is the truest about horses?
  for food
in war
as a means of transportation
for trade
They caused war among tribes.
They were much needed in agriculture.
They played a significant role in the
development of civilizations.
They are more important today than they
  were in earlier times.
68. When did the ancestors of the modern horse disappear from North and South America?   72. In the context of the passage, utilize means _______.
  1,000 years ago
at the end of the Pleistocene Era
in 1494
during the Ice Age
69. How did horses spread to other parts of the world from North America?   73. In the context of the passage, key means _______.
Christopher Columbus brought them to
  Europe on ships.
They traveled across natural land
They were part of communities that
  settled in different parts of Asia and Europe.
Neighboring tribes traded them for other
70. What horse-related activity was likely NOT known in earlier times?      
recreational trail riding
PART 4. Read the following letter and answer the questions. The underlined words in the article are for vocabulary questions.

Philip Morrison
300 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92183

Dear Mr. Morrison:

As you know, Callahan, Collins & Company is California's most active purchaser of business notes. We pay agents to refer clients who are unable to settle their accounts. We then show these clients how to obtain cash from business notes. As a business owner, you are likely aware that around 100,000 business notes are produced annually as enterprises of varying sizes and types are bought or sold. Imagine the opportunities this presents to agents in terms of additional revenues!

Furthermore, what distinguishes us from other companies is that we buy business notes with our own funds. Therefore, we are not obliged to pay high interest rates to the banks. Additionally, our company is an active member of the California Business Brokers Association and a co-founder of the International Business Brokers Guild. We are pleased to add that few companies in this industry possess the same qualifications.

We would like to offer you an opportunity to act as an agent of our company. We know that this closely complements the work that you already do, and that this will enable you to not only earn referral fees, but also high commissions.

Enclosed is a booklet that should answer most of your questions on how to become an agent and how to succeed with us. We encourage you to take advantage of this opportunity today.

Best regards,

Sam Callahan, Senior Partner

Why did Sam Callahan send Philip Morrison a letter?

  78. What types of clients are most likely referred to Callahan, Collins & Company?
He is encouraging him to become an
agent for his company.
He is interested in buying business
  notes from him.
He is offering a business partnership.
He wants him to become a member of
  the California Business Brokers Association.
75. What do agents get for referring clients to Callahan, Collins & Company?   79. In the context of the passage, purchaser means __________.
  additional expenses
low interest rates
business notes
referral fees
    business owner

What is the main business of Callahan, Collins & Company?

  80. In the context of the passage, obliged means __________.
  financing small businesses
selling property
purchasing business notes

Based on the letter, how does Callahan, Collins & Company differ from similar companies?

It produces 10,000 business notes every
It gives commissions to its agents on a
  monthly basis.
It does not pay interest to banks.
It uses its own finances to purchase business notes.